Types of lighting for the home

LED bulb

When choosing lighting for a new home it can be a daunting experience as there are so many different bulbs to choose from. This experience can be turned into an easy process with this simple guide, which will provide you with knowledge on the different types of lights that are available.

Halogen lights

A halogen bulb contains halogen gas which once combined with the filament causes a chemical reaction which produces the light. Halogen bulbs last longer than conventional incandescent bulbs making them slightly more efficient. However the problem with these bulbs is that they are known to overheat as the chemical reaction causes heat to accumulate on the surface of the bulb. Some people feel put off by this as the high temperature can pose as a fire risk so it is always advised that there is fire precaution in place.

Fluorescent lights

Fluorescent lights are commonly known as strip lights as they are long thin tubes that can be frequently seen in offices, kitchens and garages. These light have an energy efficient advantage as they don’t produce heat. The reason for this is that they use mercury vapour to allow electricity to pass through it. This provides a longer lifespan compared to standard incandescent bulbs. Fluorescent bulbs can produce between 50 and 100 lumens per watt making them four to six times more efficient than incandescent bulbs.

Incandescent lights

An incandescent bulb is the most common bulb that is best known to be the standard household light bulb that has been in the home for many years Incandescent bulbs are known to burn electricity so that the filament within the bulb can be heated which in turn produces the light, hence why they are known to produce so much heat. Typically an incandescent bulb can last for approximately 2,000 hours which a few years ago was seen as a very long life span, however with new bulbs on the markets they are now becoming less popular and are seen as less energy efficient. Governing bodies are pushing at both retailers and the general public not to purchase these bulbs but rather to opt for energy efficient bulbs. The most likely case is that eventually you won’t be able to purchase these bulbs and therefore you will have to make the switch to an energy saving alternative.

Compact florescent light (CFL)

CFL bulbs produce an electric current which is passed through a tube containing argon and mercury vapour. These two elements mixed together produce a glow which reacts with the fluorescent coating which then emits the light. CFL’s are known to use 70% less energy than incandescent bulbs as the ballast helps regulate the current once the electricity begins to flow. Some people may be put off by the CFL bulbs as they do take longer to become fully lit, often between 30 seconds and 3 minutes.

Light Emitting Diodes (LED) Lights

LED lighting is the most recent light bulbs to come onto the market with more and more people turning to them each year. An LED bulb is made up of a cluster of small LED’s that are grouped together. Of course there are many reasons why you should choose LED lighting above other lighting, such as they are extremely energy efficient as they consume 90% less energy than incandescent bulbs. LED bulbs also have an extremely long life span up to 60,000 hours, which is approximately seven years without having to change the bulb!